Read the latest information for visitors. Metastasis means that the cancer has spread beyond the rectum to other parts of the body. This is often referred to as advanced rectal cancer. Your treatment options will depend on several factors, including the extent of the cancer and where it has spread. Colorectal cancer usually spreads to the liver. It can also spread to the lungs, the lining of the abdomen, the ovaries, the brain, and other organs.
Patterns of metastasis in colon and rectal cancer | Scientific Reports
Patterns of recurrence in anal cancer: a detailed analysis
Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think. Learn More. Anal cancer is a relatively rare gastrointestinal tumor with roughly 7, new cases per year.
Radiation Oncology volume 15 , Article number: Cite this article. Metrics details. To refine and individualize future guidelines, detailed and contemporary pattern of recurrence studies are needed. Data was extracted from medical records and radiological images.